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Get critical knowledge in many variations like articles, videos, animations, infographics, humor, e-books, and the latest trend: slide presentations.

A Short History of the Cartesian Coordinates - the Infographic

A Short History of the Cartesian Coordinates - the Article and the Presentation has been an often-visited article in this website.

Now I am giving away to my readers the infographic version of this condensed info.

You'll get the same information as in the presentation, but condensed into a single JPG-infographic.

Download it now to have the compressed history of the development of this indispensable tool for plotting equations.

Infographic-A Short History Of The Cartesian Coordinates

Was the Biblical Deluge Caused by an Ancient Atmospheric River?

Recently, the state of California in the US has been flooded with huge amounts of rain. Almost everybody in this state is surprised by unending rivers of snow and water coming from the sky. Thanks to special satellites, weather scientists know the cause of this abnormal behavior; they say that this relentless rain and flooding is created by an atmospheric phenomenon called: an Atmospheric River (AR). When an AR moves inland and sweep over mountains, the water vapor rises and once cooled by upper temperatures they cool down and create huge precipitation

Atmospheric rivers are relatively narrow regions or corridors in the atmosphere that are responsible for most of the horizontal transport of water vapor outside of the tropics.

Atmospheric rivers are typically several thousand kilometers long and only a few hundred kilometers wide. A single AR can carry a greater flux of water than the Earth's largest river, the Amazon River. Now, that's a lot of water when it falls from the skies!

An infographic about atmospheric rivers.

In view of this huge amount of water, it is reasonable to ask now if the Biblical Deluge was caused by an atmospheric river, or not.

Some other questions that arise at this moment are

  • Was the Biblical narrative of the Deluge an event caused by an atmospheric river?
  • Is the Biblical narrative of the Delude no longer a myth?
  • Can the Deluge happen again?
  • If science can explain the Deluge, can it also explain Noah’s Ark?

In the NOAA information page about atmospheric rivers they write: "While ARs come in many shapes and sizes, those that contain the largest amounts of water vapor, the strongest winds, and stall over watersheds vulnerable to flooding, can create extreme rainfall and floods. These events can disrupt travel, induce mud slides, and cause catastrophic damage to life and property. However, not all ARs cause damage -most are weak, and simply provide beneficial rain or snow that is crucial to water supply."

Download this infographic with material prepared by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for more graphic info about atmospheric rivers.

At the same time the infographic has a link to download a free E-Book titled: The Deluge In The Light Of Modern Science.

Can an Object Be Finite and Infinite at the Same Time?

Yes, because in calculus there are some simple mathematical manipulations that prove that this is possible; it's a beautiful stylized funnel called Gabriel's horn or Torricelli's trumpet.

The Gabriel’s horn is a surprising hollow curved solid funnel with finite volume and infinite surface area. Both properties can mathematically exist together without contradiction. However, this is difficult to accept to our human perception.

But, Gabriel's horn is not the only self-contradictory object. In literature, we have The Book of Sand, a short story by Jorge Luis Borges about a finite book with an infinite number of pages

How to Read a Book from the 4th Dimension is the book of the strange things. This EBook will advise you on choosing the next books you'll read: or you'll end trying to read a doomed book; a book impossible to read.

That's why the subtitle of the book is: Be one careful with the books you read: Some books should not exist.

Kindle Book Cover: How to Read a Book from the 4th Dimension.

Download this infographic on Gabriel's horn, the impossible funnel that is finite and infinite at the same time.

Being Finite and infinite at the Same Time.

Is the Earth Special or Is the Life on Earth That Is Special?

700 quintillion terrestrial exoplanets is not necessarily a big number of celestial bodies, but it's obviously a huge number.

Yes, the Universe is a marvel, but what should we marvel at? Should we wonder at this huge amount of possible exoplanets, or should we be perplexed that apparently, only ONE planet is supporting life among them all? 

Shouldn't we be wondering at the fact that while almost all exoplanets are more or less identical, life on Earth is incredible varied even at the smallest scale?

Is the Earth Special or Is the Life on Earth That Is Special?.

NASA Mission to the Bennu Meteorite.

NASA is busy with another of its awesome missions; this time an expedition to a distant asteroid. This will be the first U.S. mission to collect a sample of an asteroid and return it to Earth for study.

For this event, NASA is calling all space enthusiasts to send their artistic endeavors on a journey aboard NASA’s Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft. Submissions may take the form of a sketch, photograph, graphic, poem, song, short video or other creative or artistic expression that reflects what it means to be an explorer.

NASA Mission to the Bennu Meteorite.

Has the LIGO Interferometer Sent an Unwanted Message to the Aliens?

Scientists have made a big discovery: they observed the waves in the fabric of spacetime called gravitational waves. This event is a confirmation of the general theory of relativity. This experiment opens an unprecedented new view of the cosmos

However, in the same way that we are observing distant events and activities, some other aliens may be observing us and analyzing what we are doing. 

Has the LIGO Interferometer Sent an Unwanted Message to Aliens?.

The Hubble Space Telescope Discovers an Awesome Moon

The Hubble telescope is a marvel of the modern technology. The hundreds of images sent from space to the Earth have contributed to a better and deeper understanding of the cosmos.

The real surprise will be if the Hubble telescope finds that the universe repeats itself in some dimensions or proportions like a huge cosmic fractal. See by yourself ...

The Hubble Space Telescope Discovers an Awesome Moon.